Gyeongbokgung Palace, Korea
Known as the Northern Palace
because of its almost northern location, the
was built in 1395. As
compared to its sister palaces such as the
Changdeokgung, Deoksugung, Changgyeonggung,
and Gyeonghuigung, it is largely argued that
Gyeongbokgung Palace is the grandest and
most beautiful of all the 5 palaces.
With Japanese occupation of Korea from 1592
to 1598, the premises of the Gyeongbokgung
Palace were largely destroyed by fire.
Nevertheless, all of the over seven thousand
rooms of the palace were later reconstructed
under the mantle of Heungseondaewongun
during the reign of King Gojong (from 1852
to 1919) .
Korea’s National Palace Museum is situated
on Heungnyemun Gate’s south side, and east
of Hyangwonjeong is the National Folk
The name “Gyeongbokgung” in Korean means the
"Palace Greatly Blessed by Heaven."
particular site of this palace was declared
auspicious because of its location between
important mountains, with Mount Bugaksan
behind it and Mount Namsan in front of it.
Gwanghwamun Gate, the palace’s main
entrance, has facing it the Street of 6
Ministries or Yukjo-geori (present-day
Sejongno), which is the location of major
state offices. On the central axis on which
Gate is located was the center
of the palace, including the reception hall,
throne hall, and the residence of the king.